How To Prevent Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer prevention is a way of avoiding malignancy in different regions and is also significant to stop re-development of tumors in same or other areas falling within the scope of oral region. Prevention of oral cancer is also vital to avoid cancerous infections in other regions of body. It basically helps in avoiding secondary formation of tumors in other organs. Prevention is a process wherein varied aspects related to lifestyle and  medical history of a person should be considered. Regular body examination is a must to keep proper check on cell behavior in oral and adjacent regions.

Ways of Oral Cancer Prevention

English: *Figure 1. The Dorsum of the Patient'...

English: *Figure 1. The Dorsum of the Patient’s Tongue On biopsy, the three exophytic masses turned out to be oral carcinomas, while the surrounding hyperkeratotic area showed histologic features of oral lichen planus. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

To understand different ways of prevention of oral cancer, it is very important to understand nature of the disorder along with different causes and symptoms associated with the same. One should also be aware about different oral cancer diagnosis methods in order to go for right tests at right time. Oral cancer is a deadly form of malignancy that may originate in one or more areas like tonsils, tongue, lips, oropharynx, mouth floor, and gums.

Average chances of a person suffering from lip cancer are around 48-96% while the one infected by malignancy in mouth floor has approximately 30-73% life expectancy. For those with cancerous development in tongue, survival rate ranges between 37-71%. Patients of tonsil and oropharynx cancer have survival chances of 43-56% and those with gum cancer have 40-81% chances to survive. Prevention methods can be different for different organs and also depend upon immune system of victim.

Usually, development of tumors in one organ is likely to spread to other organs by metastasis and can decrease chances of survival greatly. Hence, proper medical consultation along with sufficient awareness about the disorder is helpful to deal with the disease safely. Oral cancer support groups working on regional and global basis can also provide with timely and valuable assistance in preventing occurrence and recurrence of the disease.

Tobacco chewing is the most important risk factor responsible for growth of abnormal cells in mouth region. It is specially dangerous for health of lips, tongue, gums, and mouth floor. Hence, people used to the habit should quit the same on urgent basis and go for immediate oral examination. Another major factor contributing to development of cancer tumors is smoking. It directly impacts normal functioning and development of tissues and also create hindrances in cell-formation and growth process.

One should also quit drinking habits at the earliest or at least keep it in only the recommended limits. This ensures safe growth and division of cells and is also beneficial for maintaining immune system. High exposure to UV (Ultra Violet) rays emitted through solar radiations is also another risk factor to be looked upon. One should avoid over-exposure to sun and consult a physician if experiencing lip cracks, infections, or ulcers that are difficult to treat by normal medical methods.

Oral cancer is more common in those above 40 years and rate of its occurrence is almost double in men than women. People who have already suffered from oral or other kinds of cancerous infection have chances of recurrent growth of tumors. Also, those with family cancer history should be extremely careful about abnormalities like problems in speaking, difficulty in lip and tongue movements, severe unexpected pains in one or more oral regions, and swelling in neck areas (usually near lymph nodes).

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